Physical Education

Book basketball and hoop logo

Standards

The goal of the Worcester Public Schools Health and Physical Education Department is to provide students with the necessary skills which enable them to make safe and healthy choices in a variety of situations. In addition, students are given those skills which are needed to make fitness a life-long habit. The Health and Physical Education Curricula, which is aligned with the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Curriculum Framework, is taught by certified Health and Physical Education teachers.

Grade K Physical Education

This course is designed to give students the opportunity to learn through a comprehensive sequentially planned Physical Education program in accordance with the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Education Framework. The emphasis is on how students move in their environment. Students will learn fundamental locomotor (running, hopping, skipping, jumping, leading, sliding, galloping), non locomotor (bending, twisting, turning, rocking, swaying, balancing, stretching, pushing, and pulling), and manipulative (rolling, throwing, catching, bouncing, kicking) skills. Students will participate in a wide variety of activities that involve locomotor, non locomotor and manipulative skills, fitness concepts and fitness development exercises. Students will participate in a variety of movement activities leading to experiences of personal feelings of success. Units of instruction include fitness, body image, manipulative, and accepting and expressing ideas through movement.

Grade 1 Physical Education

This course is designed to give students the opportunity to learn through a comprehensive sequentially planned Physical Education program in accordance with the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Education Framework. The emphasis is on moving through space and time. Students will learn to demonstrate the qualities of movement (space, time, force, flow, levels, directions, and pathways) as they perform a variety of fundamental locomotor (running, hopping, skipping, jumping, leading, sliding, galloping) and nonlocomotor (bending, twisting, turning, rocking, swaying, balancing, stretching, pushing, and pulling) skills. Students will learn to manipulate objects with purposeful movement (throwing, catching, striking, kicking, bouncing, and rolling). Students will participate in a variety of fitness development exercises. Students will learn playground rules and safety for self and others. Units of instruction include social skills, fitness, movement qualities, and manipulatives.

Grade 2 Physical Education

This course is designed to give students the opportunity to learn through a comprehensive sequentially planned Physical Education program in accordance with the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Education Framework. The emphasis is on how students move with one another in space. Students will learn to work cooperatively with a partner. They will learn to demonstrate the qualities of movement (space, time, force, flow, levels, directions, and pathways) as they perform a variety of fundamental locomotor (running, hopping, skipping, jumping, leading, sliding, galloping) and non locomotor (bending, twisting, turning, rocking, swaying, balancing, stretching, pushing, and pulling) skills. Students will learn to manipulate objects with a partner (throwing, catching, striking, kicking, bouncing, and rolling). Students will learn fitness concepts and participate in a variety of fitness development exercises. Students will learn playground rules related to the use of equipment, safety and games. Units of instruction include social skills, fitness, movement education, and manipulative.

Grade 3 Physical Education

This course is designed to give students the opportunity to learn through a comprehensive sequentially planned Physical Education program in accordance with the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Education Framework. The emphasis is on how students react and respond to others and perform welldefined combinations of movements. Students will learn to develop patterns and combinations of movements using locomotor and nonlocomotor skills. Students will continue to learn to manipulate objects with a partner (throwing, catching, striking, and kicking). Students will learn to analyze their performance in order to learn or improve a movement skill. Students will continue to learn fitness concepts and participate in a variety of fitness development exercises. Students will learn playground rules related to the use of equipment, safety and games. Units of instruction include social skills, fitness, movement education, and manipulative.

Grade 4 Physical Education

This course is designed to give students the opportunity to learn through a comprehensive sequentially planned Physical Education program in accordance with the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Education Framework. The emphasis is on manipulating objects in and through space. Students will learn to demonstrate the correct techniques for using manipulative including throwing, catching, striking, kicking, trapping, and dribbling. Students will learn to analyze their performance in order to learn or improve a movement skill. Students will continue to learn fitness concepts, participate in a variety of fitness development exercises, and learn to assess their personal fitness. Working together as part of a group, students will learn to appreciate personal differences and value the rights of others. Units of instruction include playground rules and games; fitness pre- and post-testing; jump rope; throwing, rolling, and catching; striking with hands; striking with implements; striking with feet; new games; parachutes; rhythms and dance.

Grade 5 Physical Education

This course is designed to give students the opportunity to learn through a comprehensive sequentially planned Physical Education program in accordance with the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Education Framework. The emphasis is on manipulating objects with accuracy and speed. Students will continue to learn the correct techniques for using manipulative including throwing, catching, striking, kicking, trapping, and dribbling. Students will continue to learn to analyze their performances in order to learn or improve a movement skill. Students will continue to learn fitness concepts, participate in a variety of fitness development exercises, assess their personal fitness, compare their scores to a health related standard, and set goals for improvement or maintenance. Working in small groups, students will learn to accept personal differences (maturity levels, physical differences, physical abilities, cultures, and gender differences). Units of instruction include playground rules and games; fitness pre- and post-testing; jump rope; throwing, rolling, and catching; striking with hands; striking with implements; striking with feet; new games.

Grade 6 Physical Education

This course provides students the opportunity to learn through a developmentally appropriate, comprehensive sequentially planned physical education program aligned with the Physical Education Content Standards for Massachusetts Public Schools. In 6th grade, the content standards emphasize working cooperatively to achieve a common goal. The focus of this course is the development of movement skill combinations and movement skill knowledge; the assessment and maintenance of physical fitness to improve health and performance, and the requisite knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles and strategies; and the application of psychological and sociological concepts, including selfresponsibility, positive social interaction, and group dynamics, in the learning and performance of physical activity. Units of activity include: physical fitness (activities and assessment, concepts, development and maintenance); cooperative activities; throwing and catching skills and lea-dup games (team handball and/or flag football); volleying skills and lea-dup games (volley tennis and/or small-sided volleyball games); racket skills and lead-up games (paddle tennis, pickle ball, or tennis); dribbling skills (hand dribble and foot dribble) and lead-up games (3-on-3 basketball and small-sided soccer games.)

Grade 7 Physical Education

This course provides students the continuing opportunity to learn through a developmentally appropriate, comprehensive sequentially planned physical education program aligned with the Physical Education Content Standards in the Comprehensive Health Education Framework for Massachusetts Public Schools. In 7th grade, the content standards emphasize meeting challenges and making decisions. The focus of this course is the application of movement skills and knowledge to individual and dual physical activities; the assessment and maintenance of physical fitness to improve health and performance, and the requisite knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles and strategies; and the application of psychological and sociological concepts, including self-responsibility, positive social interaction, and group dynamics, in the learning and performance of physical activity. Units of activity include: physical fitness (activities and assessment, concepts, development and maintenance); cooperative activities (including introductory adventure/outdoor activities, such as orienteering); mature pattern throwing and catching skills (including flying disc skills) applied during small-sided games (team handball/Ultimate Frisbee/softball); track and field skills (including long jump, shot put, high jump, sprints, and relays); volleying skills applied in small-sided games (2-on-2 or 3-on-3 volleyball); racket skills applied in leadup games (paddle tennis/pickle ball/tennis); dribbling skills (hand dribble and foot dribble) applied in small-sided leadup games.

Grade 8 Physical Education

This course provides students the continuing opportunity to learn through a developmentally appropriate, comprehensive sequentially planned physical education program aligned with the Physical Education Content Standards for Comprehensive Health Education Frameworks for the Massachusetts Public Schools. In 8th grade, the content standards emphasize working as a team to solve problems. The focus of this course is the application of movement skills and knowledge (including defensive and offensive strategies) to team physical activities, gymnastics/tumbling, and square dance; the assessment and maintenance of physical fitness to improve health and performance; the requisite knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles and strategies to improve health and performance; and the application of psychological and sociological concepts, including self-responsibility, positive social interaction, and group dynamics, in the learning and performance of physical activity. Units of activity include: physical fitness (activities, assessment, concepts, development and maintenance); cooperative activities; movement skills and strategies applied in modified games of: flag football; soccer or lacrosse; volleyball; basketball or floor hockey; soccer; softball; team handball/ultimate Frisbee.

Grade 9 Physical Education

Physical Education in grade 9 emphasize health-related fitness and developing the skills and habits necessary for a lifetime of activity. These courses provide students with opportunities to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness and increase their knowledge of fitness concepts. The program includes skill development and the application of rules and strategies of complex difficulty in the following different movement forms: (1) health-related fitness activities (cardio respiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition), (2) aerobic exercise, (3) team sports, (4) individual and dual sports, and (5) recreational games. Ongoing assessment includes both written and performance-based skill evaluations.

Grade 10 Physical Education

Physical Education in grade 10 emphasize health-related fitness and developing the skills and habits necessary for a lifetime of activity. These courses provide students with opportunities to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness and increase their knowledge of fitness concepts. The program includes skill development and the application of rules and strategies of complex difficulty in the following different movement forms: (1) health-related fitness activities (cardio respiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition), (2) aerobic exercise, (3) team sports, (4) individual and dual sports, and (5) recreational games. Ongoing assessment includes both written and performance-based skill evaluations.

Grade 11 Physical Education

In this course students will learn and practice the skills necessary to participate in a variety of physical activities. This course is designed to develop physically literate individuals who gain the knowledge, skills, and confidence to enjoy a lifetime of healthful physical activity. Lessons will transition students from skill-based instruction and activity exploration, to self-directed activity and fitness management. Activities in this course may include, but are not limited to the following: Health-related fitness components, sports, cooperative games, and dance skills.

Grade 12 Physical Education

In this course, students will learn and practice the skills necessary to participate in a variety of physical activities. This course is designed to develop physically literate individuals who gain the knowledge, skills, and confidence to enjoy a lifetime of healthful physical activity. Students will have the opportunity to be involved in meaningful movement experiences which provide personal enjoyment and social engagement. Lessons are designed to build and refine skills, engage all students regardless of talent and experience or skill level. Activities in this course may include, but are not limited to the following: Health related fitness concepts, sports, cooperative games, and dance skills.