Grade 2 Compilation
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Grade 2 English Language Arts
Students in grade two learn foundational reading, writing, speaking, listening and language skills.
Grade 2 Math
In grade 2, students’ learning will focus on four critical areas:
- extending understanding of base-ten notation;
- building fluency with addition and subtraction;
- using standard units of measure; and
- describing and analyzing shapes.
Grade 2 History and Social Science
Second graders learn world and United States history, geography, economics, and government by studying more about who Americans are and where they came from. They explore their own family’s history and learn about distinctive achievements, customs, events, places, or landmarks from long ago and from around the world. The chief purpose of the grade 2 curriculum is to help students understand that American citizenship embraces all kinds of people, regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, religion, and national origin. American students come from all countries and continents in the world. A history and social science curriculum should help students acquire a common understanding of American history, its political principles, and its system of government in order to prepare them for responsible participation in our schools and civic life.
Grade 2 Science & Technology/Engineering
As students grow in their ability to speak, read, write, and reason mathematically, they also grow in their ability to grapple with larger systems and the parts that make them up. In grade 2, students start to look beyond the structures of individual plants and animals to looking at the environment in which the plants and animals live as a provider of the food, water, and shelter that the organisms need. They learn that water is found everywhere on Earth and takes different forms and shapes. They map landforms and bodies of water and observe that flowing water and wind shapes these landforms. Grade 2 students use their observation skills gained in earlier grades to classify materials based on similar properties and functions. They gain experience testing different materials to collect and then analyze data for the purpose of determining which materials are the best for a specific function. They construct large objects from smaller pieces and, conversely, learn that when materials are cut into the smallest possible pieces, they still exist as the same material that has weight. These investigations of how parts relate to the whole provide a key basis for understanding systems in later grades.
Grade 2 Physical Education
This course is designed to give students the opportunity to learn through a comprehensive sequentially planned Physical Education program in accordance with the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Education Framework. The emphasis is on how students move with one another in space. Students will learn to work cooperatively with a partner. They will learn to demonstrate the qualities of movement (space, time, force, flow, levels, directions, and pathways) as they perform a variety of fundamental locomotor (running, hopping, skipping, jumping, leading, sliding, galloping) and non locomotor (bending, twisting, turning, rocking, swaying, balancing, stretching, pushing, and pulling) skills. Students will learn to manipulate objects with a partner (throwing, catching, striking, kicking, bouncing, and rolling). Students will learn fitness concepts and participate in a variety of fitness development exercises. Students will learn playground rules related to the use of equipment, safety and games. Units of instruction include social skills, fitness, movement education, and manipulative.
Grade 2 Music
Students will begin to explore the concepts of improvisation and composition, continue to develop their understanding of melody and rhythm as building blocks to music and learn to identify and perform music with attention to dynamics (volume) and tempo.(speed). Students will engage in singing and movement games, play un-pitched percussion instruments and use body percussion (i.e. clapping, patting etc.)
Grade 2 Art
Areas of study will include introducing the use of a straight edge tool and lines to show motion, weather, mood, repeating shapes to create patterns, organic shapes and differentiating geometric from organic shapes, cutting multiple shapes by stacking paper and cutting simultaneously, diversity through portraiture, landscape drawing, paper as a form of three-dimensional sculpture, secondary colors and creating mood through the use of color, tint and shade to express light and dark colors, use of texture to add details to two-dimensional and three-dimensional work.